Java is a popular choice for developing web-based apps. Over the past twenty years, it has been the platform of choice for countless programs. Java is a platform-independent, object-oriented, as well as network-centric programming language.
A database created in Oracle stores information in a unified structure. A database's main function is to collect and organize data for later use. When it comes to managing data, a database server is essential. In a multiuser setting, a server is responsible for successfully managing vast amounts of data so that multiple users have access to the same content at the same time. To top it all off, we manage to do this without sacrificing performance. In addition to protecting sensitive data from prying eyes, a database server additionally provides robust failover and recovery options.
Table of Contents:
- What is Oracle Database Architecture?
- Oracle Grid Architecture: A High-Level Overview -
- How to connect oracle database in java
- Import the JDBC Packages
What is Oracle Database Architecture?
With Oracle Database, you can manage your data and programs in the most adaptable and affordable way possible by utilizing business grid computing. Grid computing in the enterprise results in massive shared stores of modular, standardized hardware for storing and processing data. This architecture allows for the quick provisioning of new systems using preexisting resources. Since capacity can be quickly and easily added to or transferred from the asset pools, peak demands are unnecessary.
Both logical as well as physical structures exist within the database. Due to the separation between the two, changes made to physical storage of data will not impact the availability of the logical storage structures.
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Oracle Grid Architecture: A High-Level Overview -
Enterprises may use a scalable, on-demand computing resource thanks to Oracle's grid architecture, which pools together a huge number of storage, servers, as well as networks. The computer grid continuously monitors resource demand and responds by increasing or decreasing available resources.
For instance, a grid of interconnected database servers can host a variety of applications. The database administrator could allocate more resources to the reporting application in advance of the end of the particular month.
In order to facilitate resource sharing amongst numerous servers, grid computing employs sophisticated management of your workload. It is possible to dynamically provision data processing capability and local resources as needed. Integrating new applications and company procedures is a breeze with the help of web services.
Due to the ability to dynamically deploy all available computing power to applications, grid computing provides both great speed and flexibility.
The following are examples of how Oracle Database facilitates business grid computing:
- High scalability: High scalability and performance on budget-friendly clusters of Itanium and Linux hardware.
- Reliability and Information and applications are always accessible.
- Safety and confidentiality: safeguards that make it possible to pool company grid resources without compromising users' privacy
- Automate the tasks: Oracle architecture automates many tasks, allowing a single administrator to oversee hundreds of machines, enabling autonomous operation.
Oracle's distributed computing capabilities and high-level integration elements make it possible to deploy workloads and data to any node in a distributed architecture.
Clusters are not the same as grids. One method for building a grid network is through the use of clustering. A static pool of resources managed by a single owner is the hallmark of a simple cluster. Dynamic resource pools accessible by a wide variety of applications as well as users, grids might consist of many clusters. Each server in a grid need not be running the same software for it to function. Scheduling and migrating applications to the grid's servers is possible. Grids pool resources from multiple, unrelated sources.
Grid computing, at its core, is the concept of treating computing resources like any other utility. That is to say, you shouldn't worry about whether the server stores your information or handles your request. You ought to be able to get any computations or data you need whenever you need them. Just like with electricity, you do not require to know the specifics of the system or the location of the generator in order to receive power when you need it. The objective is to normalize and permeate computer use. The Grid was thus aptly named. Naturally, this perspective on utility computing is from the "client side."
The grid is concerned with high availability, shared resources, and data storage "on the server side," or in the background. Allocating resources fairly guarantees that nobody goes without what they require, and that no one's demands go unfulfilled because of a lack of available resources. Data sharing ensures that the data users and apps require is always accessible. Similar to how a utility provider would always provide electricity, high levels of availability features will ensure all information and processing is available at all times.
Oracle has developed significant grid technology for computing that is now available and can help you make the most of the grid. Many industry experts predict that commodity clusters will become the dominant hardware platform for data centers. Oracle owns the main technological differentiators required to construct the grid, including Oracle Real Application Clusters, Oracle Streams, and Oracle Transportable Tablespaces. Only Oracle provides the operational features required for the grid, including portability, RAS, security, as well as scalability.
How to connect oracle database in java
Using JDBC, you can connect to a database after installing the necessary driver.
Creating a JDBC connection requires minimal coding effort. Just follow all four of these easy actions!
- JDBC Package Importing
To use necessary objects in your Java code, you must include import statements to the application.
- Installing a JDBC Driver
In order to process your JDBC requests, the JVM must first load the appropriate driver implementations into memory.
- Create a Database Address
Use this to construct an address suitable for communicating with the database of your choice.
- Make a Link Object
Finally, make a call upon the getConnection() function of the DriverManager object to create the link to a database.
Import the JDBC Packages
Put at the very start of the source code, the Import instructions direct the Java compiler to the files containing the classes you will need later.
Installing a JDBC Driver
If you can use the driver in the program you are using, you have to register it. Loading the class file for the Oracle driver into memory and "registering" it makes it available for use as the execution of the JDBC interfaces.
This registration process is required only once during your program. There are two options for registering a driver.
Initial Strategy: Class.forName()
One typical way of driver registration is the dynamic loading of the driver's class files into memory via the Class.forName() method in Java. This method also registers the driver. This approach is desirable since it enables flexible and transportable driver registration.
The Second Method:
The static DriverManager
In order to utilize the registerDriver() method with a JVM that is not JDK compliant, like Microsoft's, you must first install the JDK.
To register the Oracle driver, see the following example, which makes use of registerDriver().
- Try DriverManager.registerDriver(myDriver); Driver myDriver = new oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver();
- if (ex is ClassNotFoundException) then System.out.println("Error: unable to load driver class! ");
- System.exit(1); if (ex is ClassNotFoundException) then
Database Address Construction URL
The DriverManager allows you to connect after you have loaded the driver.getConnection() is a technique. Here is a quick reference to the three most common cases of overload:
- DriverManager.Methods utilizing getConnection()
- connectToHost(String url)
- the getConnection(String url, Properties prop) method.
- call getConnection(String url, String user, String password)
Each of them here necessitates a unique database address. A database uniform resource locator (URL) is the address of your database.
The majority of connection issues arise when trying to formulate a database URL.
Object of Connection Creation
We've included three distinct DriverManager implementations below.a connection object using the getConnection() function.
- Accessing a Database utilizing an Authorized URL
- The standard implementation of getConnection() takes a database URL, a user name, as well as a password as inputs.
In order to use Oracle's thin driver, you must first designate a host:
The database part of the URL must contain the port:databaseName format.
In the example above, the whole database URL would look like this: jdbc:oracle:thin:@amrood:1521:EMP, where amrood is the host name for the machine at TCP/IP address 192.0.0.1 and 1521 is the port on which the Oracle listener is listening and the database name EMP.
Disconnecting from JDBC Databases
It is imperative that you explicitly close any database connections at the conclusion of your JDBC program. In the event that you do forget, the Java garbage collectors will terminate the connection as part of its routine maintenance of stale objects.
Especially when working with databases, depending on garbage collection is a terrible programming habit to get into. Close the connection using the close() function on the corresponding connection object.
The use of a 'finally' block in the code can guarantee the successful termination of an open connection. No matter what happens, the finally block will always run.
To finally shut off the newly created connection, use the close() method as seen below.
Your database administrator will appreciate how much time and energy you save by terminating connections explicitly.
All applications and users that interact with data stored in an Oracle Database employ a set of statements known as Structured Query Language (SQL). Users can sometimes avoid having to use SQL by making use of Oracle's applications and tools, but these programs still need to utilize SQL to carry out the request made by the user. This section serves as a primer on the standard query language (SQL) employed by databases today.