The future of Automation Robots: unknowingly the future mother of Earth's resistance movement. It is working as a waitress when Arnold Schwarzenegger's Cyberdyne Systems Model 101 Terminator is sent back in time to kill her. But what if, instead of trying to assassinate her, Skynet's killer android approached the owner of Big Jeff's family restaurant, where Sarah worked, and offered to do his shifts for less pay, while working faster and committing fewer errors? Sarah, newly unemployed, unable to support herself, drops out of college and decides that maybe starting a family in this economic climate isn't smart. Hey, ready: no more John Connor.
Automation hasn't replaced all workers in warehouses, but it has made work more intense, even dangerous, and has changed the rigor with which workers are managed. Construction workers can be subjected to the whims of an app's black box algorithm. That allows workers to flood the app to compete at breakneck speed for pay as low as the lucrative ride or job a given job may depend on. tips, leaving workers dependent on the generosity of an anonymous stranger. Worse yet, gig work means they do their jobs without many of the typical job protections.
n these circumstances, robots do not take jobs, but make them worse. Companies are automating autonomy and putting profit-maximizing strategies into digital overdrive, turning work into a space with fewer carrots and more sticks.
A 2013 study by the Oxford Martin School suggested that around 47% of jobs in the United States could be automated in the next two decades. With only 12 years remaining after the study was published. Like Hemingway's old quote about bankruptcy happening "gradually, then suddenly,". The authors suggested that, in the first wave, white-collar and administrative support workers. As well as workers in production occupations, they would be phased out of Thanos. . In the second wave, the software would gobble up all tasks related to finger dexterity, feedback, observation, and working in tight spaces.
Why are there still so many jobs?
To date, this has not happened in such large numbers. In fact, hiring by the big tech companies that have invested the most in automation has outpaced many other industries. Amazon, which once laid off its human editors in favor of algorithmic recommendation systems. And is constantly working to robotize its warehouses, hired an additional 175,000 people. When the coronavirus lockdown began in March last year. Other tech companies like Netflix haven't slowed down on hiring either, even at a time when COVID was affecting many industries.
These companies, of course, have benefited from a very difficult time in world history. Streaming media companies, communications companies like Zoom, device makers like Apple, and e-commerce. But it illustrates the complexity of the situation. AI, robotics, and various technological infrastructures that could replace humans have turned these "unicorns" into unicorns, which, in turn, has allowed them to hire more people.
These effects may seem counterintuitive. In an essay titled "Why Are There Still So Many Jobs?(MIT), examined the quadrupling of ATMs between 1995 and 2010 and its impact on bank tellers . Of course, an ATM is not the same as an advanced robot, but you can reasonably assume that 300,000 more ATMs would result in fewer people being hired to dispense money.
In fact, bank teller employment increased by 50,000 during that same period. Autor points out that technology means bank workers are no longer primarily "tellers. But salespeople, who build relationships with customers and introduce them to additional banking services such as credit cards, loans, and investment banking products.
Augmenting, not replacing
In some cases, this will be technologies such as RPA tools. Which can sit on the desks of human workers and provide them with guidance. On how to do their jobs better, such as prioritization tasks or compliance. heavy occupations. A.I.
Meanwhile, tech companies are benefiting from what's called AAI, or "artificial artificial intelligence,".In which humans help perform tasks that AI currently can't. Twitter, for example, employs human contractors, called judges, whose job it is to interpret the meaning of various search terms. That are trending on the service. Meanwhile, at Amazon's fulfillment centers, robots like those made by Boston-based Kiva Systems (purchased by Amazon nearly a decade ago) are used to transport racks of shelves. Bringing them to the human "picker," who can then use their fine motor skills to pick up the correct item to pack.
The future of employment
There are artificial intelligence robots capable of performing certain tasks that were once considered worthy of a high social capital job, such as a lawyer. Driving autonomous vehicles, giving these people better hours of social work when they don't have to be on the road for days at a time.
But will they always? Probably not. The same goes for picking things up from Amazon warehouses and potentially one day delivering packages through customers' doors. However, as some of these low-profile fruits are picked, humans will be able to tackle taller ones that machines are not yet capable of.
Automation and It's Results
Automation alone is not going to steal jobs as some people fear. It is a much more complex landscape than this simple way of seeing it suggests. It will dominate some jobs, but it will also usher in new forms of employment, many (but not all) of which are related to the development, maintenance, or use of this new technological infrastructure. As the tech giants' hiring sprees and Autor's ATM investigation show, the idea that companies that invest in technology are necessarily bad for human workers isn't a foregone conclusion.
What technology can, and probably will, is exacerbate social trends. Some four decades ago, many American workers experienced a divergence in the path of wage increases and productivity growth. As many have pointed out, technology is likely to help displace the middle classes, increasing incomes and job quality for some, while making things harder for others. It will also mean a society in which participants constantly retrain and update themselves, in part to stay on the right side of the wave of technological replacement.
A robot boss
In recent years, Amazon has become the corporate standard-bearer. When it comes to automation in the name of efficiency, often at the expense of workers. Robots don't just watch, they also do some of the work. Sometimes that's for the best, but other times they can make the job more dangerous. As more automation puts more pressure on workers.
We often talk about technology and innovation in the language of inevitability. Chase Copridge, a long-time California worker who has worked a variety of temp jobs (Instacart, DoorDash, Amazon Flex, Uber and Lyft) is one of those stuck in that position, a victim of corporate trends to overdrive the technology.
More robots, more workers
Contrary to popular belief, robots do not replace workers. Although there are employee layoffs when companies adopt robots, data shows that increased automation leads to more hiring overall. In fact, companies that adopt robots become so much more productive that they need more staff to meet the increased demand for production, Wu explained. “These companies have become less productive compared to adopters. They lost their competitive edge and, as a result, had to lay off workers.
According to the study, certain types of managers are becoming superfluous as companies increase their automation. The decline is simply an effect of modern technology, Wu said, because as different tasks and processes are automated, human error is greatly reduced. The same occurs with the need for close monitoring of this work by the managers.
“The technology can generate reports on what the bots have done, what hardware they have used, and they can aggregate it at the corporate level, at the division level, to get a lot of metrics very easily across different operations,” Wu said. "And that's the kind of thing that managers tend to do.
But it is a bit more complex than that. The managerial decrease is due to the change in the composition of employment. Although robot adoption results in an increase in employment, the increase is not uniform across all skills, Wu said. -Skilled workers are at risk.
With the advent of new fields like renewable energy, cloud computing, blockchain, etc.. The right skills will ensure you get the right job in the technology field.
Even if you're not interested in high-tech paths like software engineering, or if you like being outdoors and working with your hands, you can find a good job that's right for you. Cities around the world are investing in energy-efficient infrastructure and the growth of renewable energy, which means jobs such as solar panel installers, water and wastewater engineers and technicians, and civil engineers will always be in demand wherever they are. live.
Robots do work that people don’t
There's a lot of nostalgia for lost post-war manufacturing jobs. But people who share those sentiments tend to focus on specific types of work. Construction jobs or assembly line tasks in Detroit's auto factories. Characters in Bruce Springsteen songs lay bricks and build Cadillac parts. But they never dress up or turn a giant vat of cow manure into fertilizer. In the 12 years since its inception, Clearpath has helped create robots that inspect nuclear facilities. Extract and analyze samples from toxic waste ponds, and transport boxes to a third-party logistics warehouse in Texas, where interior temperatures regularly reach 45 degrees. degrees Celsius
Today, even skilled manufacturing jobs can be difficult to fill. The demand for pipe welders, a high-precision job akin to painting with molten metal, is growing thanks to the boom in the construction, shipbuilding, and oil and gas industries, and yet baby boomers are are retiring and millennial welders aren't moving fast enough to replace them. (Apprentice welders can take a decade to become proficient.)
To address this labor shortage. Novarc has developed the Spool Welding Robot (SWR), a vision-guided mechanical arm with an integrated control system. To operate the machine, an operator selects the weld recipe. Based on the size, thickness and materials of the pipes to be joined, and lets the robotic arm take over. Because it is precise and not hampered by repetitive motion or muscle fatigue. The SWR is three to five times more productive than a human welder. However, it cannot handle the most complex welds, which still need to be done by people.
Instead of replacing workers, SWR makes the best use of already scarce human resources. “The technology frees people up. ” Karimzadeh says, “to do more crafty or interesting welding, rather than tedious work that they don't enjoy anyway.”
Workers can become robot operators
Even advanced robots often require human operators. In the past, these operators were skilled technicians with years of training or an engineering degree. Therefore, the person using a robot was unlikely to be the same person whose job the robot replaced. But all that is changing. In this case, is in the realm of democratization. In the past, if you were a producer looking to automate your factory, you had to write a detailed report and send it to a systems integrator. Who would make the robot parts, write custom software to sync up the different operating systems, and build your factory. throughout the months.
Vention components are pre-selected to be compatible with each other. Saving buyers the expense of a systems integrator, which can be nearly half the cost of a new robot kit. But it's not just robot design that Vention and related companies are democratizing; so are the operations, which can now be controlled via simple consoles or touch screens.
Revolution is Inevitable
The future of Automation Robots; Wu said the robot revolution is "inevitable" given advances in artificial intelligence. Machine learning and other technologies that are rapidly transforming the workplace. He encouraged business leaders to embrace change and explore strategies to maximize profits. For example, the study found that bots were associated with greater use of performance-based compensation because automation reduces variance. In other words, it's easier to meet production quotas when the robots are working. Robots also reduce workplace injuries, according to the study.
"In the next two years, you're going to see a lot of turbulence in the industry. If you haven't seen it already," she said. “Companies that find him, whether by luck or ingenuity, are going to kill him. And companies that don't get it aren't. As a business becomes automated and the intermediate skill level declines, these entry-level workers lose their upward mobility. This means that the contract, where it is implicitly understood.